Painting and weathering the Whippet - Chapter 2 - Oils

Adam Wilder effects Martin Kováč tutorial Weathering oils whippet

In this chapter, we’ll add some definition to the surface details while distinguishing some of the plates from each other as well. We will be using oil paints for all of these steps and because we are working on a glossy surface, they will take some time to completely dry, so it’s a good idea to let each of these steps dry for about a day or more.

It’s time to oil up!

We’ll start with washes. As there are many different surface details, I mixed a black, dark and lighter brown wash.

Here we can see the model with all details outlined with washes. The lightest brown wash was applied over the white and red identification strips as they are the brightest areas on this model. The dark brown wash was added around all of the rivets and other details on the rest of the tank. Black wash was used to add deep shadow to panel lines.

After letting the wash sit for an hour I started cleaning the excess off. Keep in mind I was able to apply the washes to the entire model and then clean them all in one (super long!) session only thanks to the glossy surface. A matt surface would absorb the oil paints sticking them to the model, thus making them harder to remove.

I picked some brown-ish paints for the oil dot technique. Because Wilder oils dry to a matt finish, we don’t need to remove excess linseed oil on a piece of cardboard.

Deposit the oil dots on each panel following the lights and darks airbrushed during the initial steps. Working on one panel at a time keeps us more focused.

Smear them downward with an almost dry brush. On horizontal surfaces it’s better to use circling motion in order to create a random faded panel.

The result is very subtle, but the added color variety is evident. Some of you might say all of this will be hardly visible once the model is finished, which is correct, BUT if we skipped this step, the lack of color variety would be noticeable. Trust me, I tried it when I felt lazy in the past.

We can differentiate some of the larger surface details with oil paint thinned down into a consistency of heavy filter. If we feel the contrast to be too much, it’s very easy to knock it down by rubbing the detail with a soft dry brush.

Using a very dark brown oil paint we can emphasize the contrast between some panels. Paint a thin strip along the edge and blend it carefully with a flat brush.

Use a completely dry brush to blend the oil paint even further after a few minutes. This way we can obtain faint, almost natural-looking gradients in color.


And that’s it for today folks! Don’t follow my example of applying the washes in one session. It took me several hours to clean it off all of the rivets and my back must have died about 10 times.

You might also notice I didn’t use any filters. This was because I was pretty happy with the shade of the base coat and I knew the tone would change a bit after blending the oil dots.

See you tomorrow at my favorite stage, chipping!

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  • John Loggins on

    Nice work

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